Cough could be an involuntary or a voluntary action that helps clear phlegm or mucous from our throats and other passages or sinuses in our bodies. But when cough becomes persistent and painful in children or even adults this becomes a source of concern, because it becomes detrimental to health .Cough may be due to allergies, viral infections, bacterial infections, etc.
However, an “Over The Counter treatment” (OTC) that is purchase of drugs from pharmacies and drug stores could be used for the treatment of cough,example cough syrup, mixtures,expectorant etc. However some persons don’t really take to the after effects of these chemical based drugs on their children and themselves, and would rather opt for home remedies for cough which we are going to discuss below.
Over the Counter drugs (OTC).
SOME HOME REMEDIES FOR COUGH INCLUDE:
1. LIME + PALM OIL + SUGAR:
Get five to seven balls of lime, a half bottle of palm oil and sugar cubes. Wash and cut the lime and squeeze into a clean container with cover,add one to two cooking spoon of palm oil and 2-3 cubes of sugar to your taste .Then leave for about an hour,this mixture will thicken and you can administer this home remedy to your child or even yourself,thrice a day until the cough symptoms disappears.This cough preparation could be repeated until all signs of cough is cleared.
2.LEMON + HONEY + WARM WATER:
Lemon is a citrus fruit,which is rich in vitamin C and antioxidants. Get honey and at least 2-3 balls of lemon fruits. Wash and cut lemon and squeeze into a clean glass cup,then add about four spoonful of honey in the ratio 4:1 and add warm water to the mixture and stir very well and its ready. Then administer to your child or yourself at least twice to thrice a day until your child is better.
3.BITTER KOLA + HONEY:
Bitter kola also known as Garcinia kola is known for its powerful antibacterial,antidote and detoxifying properties which is used to treat various ailments and infections like cough, dysentery, bronchial infections, antidote for poisoning etc.
Blend 8-10 bitter kola nuts and scoop the paste in a clean container with cover. Get a half bottle of honey and add a considerable amount to the paste about ratio 5:1 and stir very well. Allow to stay for at least an hour, for it to ferment. Then administer to your child or an adult thrice daily, until symptoms of cough disappears. This home remedy is very potent.
4.THYME LEAVES + HOT WATER:
Thyme leaves is beneficial for its culinary purposes and also for its medicinal purposes. Its rich in antioxidants .Brew thyme leaves as tea, allow to steep and sieve.Then drink as tea at least thrice a day daily until cough disappears.
5. GINGER TEA + LEMON + HONEY:
Ginger is one of the most healthiest popular and most powerful spice in the world known for its rich and medicinal properties.It is also used to treat cough ailment.
Blend your ginger in a mug cup and add hot water, allow to steep for a while then sieve. Then add your lemon juice and honey and drink hot. This preparation should be done at least thrice daily until your child’s cough or yours disappears.
6.BREW PEPPERMINT LEAVES AS TEA : The menthol in Peppermint leaves helps to soothe the throat and helps to break down mucus that inhibits breathing,it is also effective against cold.So you get peppermint leaves and brew it like tea allow to steep a while and drink it while still hot.This peppermint tea could be taken at least thrice a day ,until you are better from that cough.
7.STEAM BATH WITH PEPPER MINT OIL /EUCALYPTUS OIL: To prepare a steam bath, get hot water in a big bowl,add 2-3 capful of peppermint oil or Eucalyptus oil in the hot water.Then drape a thick blanket over child’s head or your head ,and inhale the steam from the bowl continuously. This acts as a decongestant,it helps to breakdown mucus from your system and you could easily expel by coughing them out.
8.CHEW EXPECTORANT HERBS RAW :
Ginger is an example of an expectorant herbs, mentioned above,it helps to breakdown and release mucus out of your body .You can give your child to chew a little piece at a time.(avoid giving to a child below 3yrs) and even you too.You could also chew bitter kola and ginger raw too until the cough symptoms disappears.
9.GARGLE THROAT WITH WARM WATER AND SALT :
This remedy is by far the simplest.It helps relieve one’s itchy throat.This remedy is not suitable for children below 3,because they might not be able to gargle well.
10.TAKE FOOD RICH IN PROBIOTICS :
Probiotics are Micro-organism or live bacteria and yeasts that are good for the body.They are often called “good bacterias”,because they help keep our guts healthy and also help us maintain and support our body immune system,that is immunity from diseases, infections like cough,yeast infections vaginal yeast infection in children etc..Example of foods rich in probiotics are Yoghurt, Palm wine, Miso soup etc.
10. GET HYDRATED :
When you have a cough, get a lot of liquid in,because during coughing and removal of mucus from the system,liquid is lost from the body which might lead to dehydration.So take lots of liquid like water,hot tea,herbal tea,and lots of fresh citrus juice which is rich in vitamin C
11.BATHE WITH WARM WATER :
bathing your child with warm water will help relieve body aches and other pains around the neck region during coughing.
12.TAKE LOTS OF REST :
Plenty of rest is needed this period,allow children to have plenty of rest especially if they are not at school.
TIPS TO HELP PREVENT COUGH
1.Teach children to always wash their hands regularly with soap and water.
2.Avoid sharing utensils like cups,spoons with people infected with cough or cold.
3.Always give children and take lots of fruits and vegetables to help build the immune system against any kind of sickness.
4.Teach children to avoid contact with sick people,or maintain a safe distance in other to avoid being infected.
5.Encourage children to always have enough rest in other to stay fit and healthy.
6.Encourage children to take lots of fluids, like fresh fruit juice, water etc.
WHEN TO VISIT YOUR PHYSICIAN
Visit your physician if you experience the following symptoms alongside your cough
Fever over a 38o C.
Fever that lasts for more tha 3 days.
Foul Smelling green phlegm or yellowish green phlegm.